Hoi An was a busy trading pier during the 16th and 17th centuries, which attracted merchants from all over the world. Along with other structural relics, Hoi An ancient houses and museums have contributed to making Hoi An a global cultural heritage.
The most common house type in Hoi An is one- or two-story townhouses with narrow length and extended depth, creating a tubular structure. The primary materials to construct the house have a high bearing capacity and durability to withstand the harsh climate and storms. Typically, a house has a wood frame, and it is divided into three sections for trading, living, and worshipping. The division is suitable for narrow and multi-functioned houses. It is a structural part of the regional culture.
Here are some Hoi An ancient houses helping you know more about the design.
It is one of the most beautiful houses in Hoi An. The 150-year-old shelter has an architectural style of the Huaxia civilization of China. Over the years, the house still keeps its original state of architectural design and interior decoration, helping us know more about the lifestyle of the local business class's owners in the old days.
All the vivid wood architecture and sculpture of the house were from Kim Bong carpentry village. As soon as entering the house, you will see many architectural features of Hoi An, including walls decorated with Chinese pottery, animals, landscapes, and rockery, turning the space into a masterpiece.
Location: 77 Tran Phu Street, Hoi An
Opening time: 9:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. daily
Tan Ky ancient house consists of many connected lines; the first has six rows of pillars placed on six round rocks, forming three compartments. The reliable rocks were transported from Thanh Hoa province to help the pillars avoid decay. It is the reason why the old house has existed for hundreds of years.
There is a frontage to prevent the house from rain and sunlight and keep the house more discreet. On top of the door, there is a pair of eyes known as the spirit of the house with the hope of prosperity and happiness.
Around the house are various sculptures in many shapes and meanings, such as bat symbolizing happiness, mailbox symbolizing knowledge, and Pomegranate symbolizing many children. Besides, the thick glazed tiles in the roof make the house warm in winter and cool in summer.
Location: 101 Nguyen Thai Hoc, Hoi An
Opening time: 8:30 a.m. to 5:45 p.m. daily
The house was constructed over 100 years ago, during the development of Hoi An urban area. The first owner was a successful Vietnamese businessman who had many relationships. He called the house Phung Hung with a desire that his family would always be prosperous. Previously, it was a store selling numerous products, including cinnamon, pepper, salt, silk, porcelain, and glass. The current owner is the 8th generation, who is still protecting the house.
It is a typical trading house in the 19th century in Vietnamese urban areas with tubular type, broad facade, mainly wood. The house is a combination of the architecture from Vietnam, Japan, and China. The balcony and door system is inspired by Chinese design. The roof in the middle room is from Japan, and the rest is from Vietnam. All the 80 iron wooden pillars are placed on rocks to avoid contacting with the ground.
The door and roof system helps the house warm in winter and cool in summer. The porch supporters with carp carvings are the icon of luck in Chinese belief, power in Japanese, and prosperity in Vietnamese. The attic is the place to worship their ancestors and Chinese sea goddess Mazu.
Location: 04 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai Street, Hoi An
Opening time: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. daily
Although the house is more than 180 years old, the old and quiet features still appear on each item, making visitors feel the slow passing of time more clearly. It is hard to believe that the oil lamps, pen holders, tables and chairs, and paintings are hundreds of years old.
In 1908, Duc An house sold herbal medicines. In 1925-1926, when the patriotic and anti-French movements turned more progressive, the house became a meeting place for patriots and intellectuals. The works on world bourgeois democracy, Modernisation movement, and other progressive books and newspapers are also stored and published here.
Location: 129 Tran Phu Street, Hoi An
Opening time: 8:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. daily
The house is a precious museum of antiques to travelers and researchers. Ancient artifacts were displayed without any protection, but there had never been a loss.
A Chinese merchant built the house in the 19th century. Notably, inside there house, there are many ancient Vietnamese, Chinese, and Japanese artifacts in various periods. There is a mezzanine to transports goods via a pulley system. It is also the typical feature of Hoi An ancient houses.
Location: 80 Nguyen Thai Hoc Street, Hoi An
Entrance fee: free of charge
Established in 1989, the museum exhibits over 212 artifacts made from porcelain, pottery, copper, iron, paper, and wood related to the development of Hoi An urban from the Sa Huynh, Champa, Dai Viet, and Dai Nam cultural periods. It has vividly demonstrated the history of the formation and development of Hoi An, especially the leading international trading pier of the Inner Land and Southeast Asia.
Location: 10B Tran Hung Dao Street, Hoi An
Opening time: 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily
Initially, it is a typical house in the ancient urban. Since 2005, it has opened for tourists. On the second floor, it displays 490 artifacts with four major themes: Folk visual arts, folk performing arts, traditional occupations and folk activities. Meanwhile, on the first floor, live performances illustrate the values of Hoi An folklore. The museum is considered an unusual and rare cultural institution in the area. Via the original images, artifacts and performance activities, the Museum of Folk Culture has shown the intangible cultural values, introducing the thickness of cultural traditions, creativity, and contributions of residents in building and developing Hoi An.
Location: 33 Nguyen Thai Hoc Street, Hoi An
Opening time: 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. daily, except for the 20th day in each month
On display at the museum is a complete and unique collection of artifacts to provide information about the ancient inhabitants of the Sa Huynh Culture system (dating back over 2000 years), considered to be the owner The port of Hoi An, which used to have relations and exchanges with South India and China. Interestingly, the artifacts all have a reliable archaeological address, because along with the artifact is a system of documents, photographs, and videos clearly demonstrating their position in the ground.
Along with artifacts, the documents recorded during the archeological process also reflect much other information about the burial, conception of life and death, awareness of the development, and relationships of the ancient inhabitants of Sa Huynh culture in Hoi An. Regardless of the number in the store, only the exhibit has 216 Sa Huynh Culture artifacts discovered from archaeological excavations on the land.
Location: 149 Tran Phu Street, Hoi An
Opening time: 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. daily
Built in 1995, the museum stores more 430 ceramic artifacts dating from the 8th to 18th centuries. Most of them are commercial ceramics produced in India, Near East, China, Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam, demonstrating the essential role of Hoi An pier in the ceramic trade network at sea in previous centuries, as well as the strong relationships of international economists and culturists in Hoi An.
Location: 80 Tran Phu Street, Hoi An
Opening time: 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. daily, except for the 15th day in each month
Each foreigner has to pay 120.000 VND for a ticket of five optional attractions, comprising: